The Rietveld Schroderhuis house in Utrecht in the Netherlands was commissioned by Mr. Truus Schröder-Schrader to the architect Gerrit Thomas Rietveld, and built in 1924. This small single-family residence, with its spatially flexible interior, and its visual and formal qualities , was a manifesto of the ideals of the DeStijl group of artists and architects in the Netherlands in the 1920s and has since been considered one of the icons of the Modern Movement in architecture.
The house is, in many ways, unique. It is the only building of its kind in the architectural production of Rietveld and also differs from other significant buildings of the vanguard of the modern movement, such as the Villa Savoye of Le Corbusier or the Villa Tugendhat of Mies van der Rohe. The difference concentrates on the particular treatment of the architectural space and the design of the functions of the building. Many contemporary architects have been deeply influenced by the Schröder house and this influence endures to the present.
The quality of the Rietveld Schroderhuis lies in the fact that it has produced a synthesis of the design concepts of modern architecture at a certain point in time. Part of the quality of the home is the flexibility of its internal spatial layout, which allows for gradual changes over time in line with changes in functions. For this purpose, several sliding panels are used. At the same time, the building also has many artistic merits, and its visual image has strong influence on the architectural designs of the second half of the 20th century. The interiors and furniture are an integral part of its blue, yellow and red predominant design.
The Rietveld Schroderhuis is located on the edge of the city of Utrecht, close to the countryside, at the end of a series of 20th century houses. It was built against the wall of the adjacent masonry house and used as a residence for over 60 years. The area outside the house remained undeveloped because it contained 19th century Dutch defense lines, which were still in use at the time. In the 1970s and 1980s, Rietveld Schröderhuis was restored to its original condition of the 1920s by Bertus Mulder, one of Rietveld’s assistants. In 2000 the house entered the UNESCO World Heritage List.